The only settlement of the island, the homonymous Kastellorizo, is located around the natural harbor and consists of the districts of Pigadia, Chorafia and Mandraki. Impressive are the double and triple old mansions along the coastline in front of an imposing red rock. The houses of the settlement are authentic examples of traditional Dodecanese architecture. They are built amphitheatrically around the sea and are characterized for their uniformity, due to common materials such as local stone, Asia Minor wood, blacksmiths, tiles from Antalya and Marseille.
Kastellorizo is connected to Rhodes by ferry. It is also connected by ferry to the Turkish city of Kas by ferry, which the route made almost every day. Public transport is provided by a taxi and a minibus (during summer), which operate the route for the airport. However, the island has a network of natural paths and the visitor explores it by walking.
It gained worldwide prominence in 1991 when the Oscar-winning film Mediterraneo was filmed there.
Kastelorizo is an island of the Dodecanese and is the easternmost tip of not only Greece but also of Europe. It has an area of 9.1 sq. Km. and a population of 498 inhabitants, constituting the municipality of Megistis. It is the largest island of a small archipelago, including the islands: Saint George, Agrielia, Great Black Poini, Little Black Poini, Poliphados number one and two, Ro, Stroggili, Psomi, Psoria and some other islands Turkey, since the island is very close to the Turkish coast. The island is accompanied by a great maritime tradition, with strong signs of maritime and commercial development that it once experienced.
Although a small island, Kastellorizo (or Megisti) has a long history, having been inhabited since the Neolithic period, and then colonized by the Dorians, as well as all the Dodecanese. They gave the island the name Megisti , as it is still officially called. A legend attributes the baptism to the first settler called Megesteas, but the name is probably due to its size being distinct from the surrounding islets.
In 1306 it was occupied by the Knights of St. John of Rhodes and was named Kastellorizo around the end of the 14th century, when they built it on the red rock next to the port entrance, a castle under which the city was developed. During this time, the Knights exiled the unwanted people to Kastellorizo, and in general, all those who wished to punish. For this reason, they rebuilt the island's tall castle, with its high double walls and warblers, making it one of the strongest in the Aegean Sea.